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Your Guide to Malta and Gozo - The Normans

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 The Normans

 

Tancred

The successful Norman invasion did not spell the expulsion of Malta's Arab inhabitants. As evidence for this, we may cite Maymuna's tombstone — a slab of marble with Kufic Arabic inscriptions that was discovered in the vicinity of Xewkija, Gozo and dates from 1174.

Following Roger II‘s death, his son William I ascended to the throne. It was Maio of Bari however who was entrusted with much of the running of the Kingdom. William's rightful successor was his son — William II, when the elder william died however, William II was a mere 11 years old, so his mother — Margaret took over as regent until William came of age.

William II died without leaving any progeny. Constance — the rightful heir to the throne and daughter of Roger II — was deprived of the crown when Parliament voted overwhelmingly in Tancred's favour. Constance and her spouse, Henry VI of Germany clamoured for the crown; Constance was imprisioned, perhaps to appease Henry, Tancred promoted him to the rank of Count of Malta.

When Tancred died, his wife Sybilla took over as regent as their son William III was still a three year old infant. Henry VI entered Palermo and Sybilla went into hiding, thus Henry, from the house of the Hohenstaufen, became king of Sicily. His son Fredrick II, flatteringly known as "Stupor Mundi", or "The wonder of the world" succeeded him in 1194, and reigned until 1250. In 1239-1240, Fredrick annexed Malta completely with the Kingdom of Sicily.